Recipes and foods for diabetes mellitus - what is allowed and what is not?

what to eat with diabetes and what not to eat

In fact, it is not difficult to prepare meals for diabetics, we are not talking about a special diet. In diabetes mellitus type 1 and type 2, a balanced diet plays an important role, which is not only suitable for a sick person, but also for a healthy person.


Cake for diabetes

The first fact is that the diet in diabetes mellitus includes limiting all direct sugars: diabetes mellitus dishes (first, second course and even desserts) are free from sugar or honey, sweet foods are excluded - cakes, ice cream, desserts (Apple pie, fruit pudding), pancakes, etc. ), cookies, candy, cakes, chocolate, sugary drinks and juices, etc. , fatty and fried foods, fatty meats and sausages, beer, alcohol, white or black bread (caramel is usually added) andall products made from white flour.

In addition, dried fruits, grape wine, plums and pears should be completely avoided. With regard to alcoholic beverages, exclude beer, drink only dry wine, up to 200 ml per day, consume strong alcoholic beverages only as a last resort and be extremely pure. Remember to include alcohol in your daily caloric intake.

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Eat only whole grain bread. Meat can be cooked, but only lean!

Be careful with side dishes when preparing dumplings or dumplings, don't forget to keep an eye on the portion size. Rice, pasta, potatoes are more suitable.

If you have diabetes, recipes should include vegetables (which should also be eaten raw) as they contain vitamins, minerals, proteins and almost no (or minimal) sugar. From vegetables, you need to limit carrots, peas and corn. Fruit can only be consumed once a day, preferably as a morning snack.

It is advisable to divide the meal into 4-6 small meals a day and prepare a light snack in the evening. The recipes for diabetes mellitus and the amount of food should be chosen depending on whether your body weight is within the normal range or needs to be reduced, as well as how much you exercise during the day.

It is appropriate and recommended for all diabetics to exercise at least 30 minutes a day; brisk walking, running, swimming, cycling, etc. work well.

You must take at least 10, 000 steps a day.

It is quite understandable that the diet sometimes seems unbearable and an irresistible urge to eat something of the "forbidden" occurs. Once a month you can relax and pamper yourself with dark chocolate (chocolate is suitable for cooking or one with 60-70% cocoa).

If you decide to change your eating habits, it is recommended that you first discuss with your doctor or specialist, such as a diabetologist, any subsequent adjustments to diabetes medication and insulin dosage, if any. It is recommended that you do a self-check with a blood glucose meter.

Dietary and curative measures are indispensable (neither therapy nor insulin etc. ) and represent the basis for successful therapy for all diabetics! These facts are confirmed by a large number of specialized scientific studies in our country and in the world.

Diet in diabetes

Prohibited Products:

Fish steak for diabetes
  1. Fatty dairy products.
  2. Egg yolks and their products.
  3. Sausages.
  4. Fat meat - goose, duck.
  5. Concentrated alcohol.
  6. Free sugar.
  7. Sweets.
  8. Salty snacks - chips, nuts, snacks, etc.

Suggested products:

  1. Fats - butter, margarine, milk, and dairy products - are all low in fat.
  2. Meat - young animals (veal, pork, lamb, chicken, rabbit, turkey).
  3. Fish - fresh water and sea.
  4. Wild.
  5. Ham - in small quantities.
  6. Vegetables - all kinds, including legumes.
  7. Fruit - in small quantities.
  8. The bread is whole grain bread.

Technological methods that can be used are boiling, stewing, grilling, rarely - frying.

Below are some diabetes recipes, from soups and main dishes to desserts, that are suitable for diabetes.

The amount of raw materials that the following recipes for diabetes contain is designed for 4 servings.

Diet soups for diabetics

Soybean soup


60 g soybeans, 20 g flour, 20 g butter, 20 g onions, garlic, parsley, salt.


Soybeans should be boiled or canned. Froth the finely chopped onion in butter, add flour and add hot water. Simmer, add boiled soybeans, chopped garlic with salt, and chopped parsley. Cooked soup is best eaten hot.

Diet main meals for diabetics

Fried flounder


600 g flounder, 20 g butter, salt, paprika, 10 g wheat flour, 1 lemon.


Wrap the fish portions in wheat flour with salt and pepper, drizzle with oil and grill. Season the finished dish with lemon juice and garnish with lemon wedges.



320 g meat (beef, veal, pork, rabbit, but best of all - sorted), 200 g tomatoes, 40 g oil, 1 onion, 20 g potatoes, salt, parsley, marjoram, cumin.


Briefly fry the peeled meat cubes in oil and cover with hot water. Add salt, chopped tomatoes, peeled whole onions and simmer. When the meat is almost tender, add the peeled, finely grated raw potatoes, the ground cumin and marjoram. Remove the onion from the finished stew (if it's cooked then leave it) and add finely chopped parsley.

Diet vegetable dishes for diabetics

filled tomatoes

stuffed tomatoes for diabetes


4 large hard tomatoes, 120 g poultry meat, 20 g rice, 20 g butter, 1 egg, salt.


Cut the tops off the washed tomatoes and remove the middle. Boil the washed rice in salted water, mix with ground poultry, salt, add the beaten egg and stir well.

Fill the prepared tomatoes without the middle with the resulting mixture, cover with the cut tips and place in a lightly oiled container. Add hot water and simmer covered.

Boil the removed core, grind and add to the finished dish.

Vegetable risotto


160 g rice, 20 g carrots, 20 g cauliflower, 15 g celery, 15 g parsley, 10 g corn, oil, parsley, salt, 120 g hard cheese.


Dice all peeled vegetables or grate on a coarse grater. Cut off the leg from the cauliflower and divide the head into small inflorescences. Rinse the corn off. Rinse the rice, add oil, water, salt and simmer. After a while, add the prepared vegetables and simmer until soft. Sprinkle the finished risotto with chopped parsley and grated hard cheese.

Diet cold meals for diabetics

Cottage cheese with vegetables

Cottage cheese with vegetables for diabetes


200 g of cottage cheese, 40 g of milk, 1 tomato, 20 g of leek, 40 g of cucumber, salt, ground cumin.


Peel the tomatoes, remove the seeds from the pulp, peel the leek and cut into thin strips, grate the cucumber on a coarse grater.

Beat the salted cottage cheese with a whisk with milk.

Add all the prepared vegetables to the resulting curd mass and ground cumin to taste.

Cottage cheese snack


200 g of cottage cheese, 2 cloves of garlic, sesame seeds, salt, spring onions, dill, parsley.


Salt the garlic and mix with the cottage cheese. If necessary, dilute with water to form a dense mass. Finely chop the spring onions and stir in the sesame seeds. Shape the cooked garlic curd mixture into a roll and wrap it in a mixture of spring onions and sesame seeds so that the surface is completely covered. Let the finished rolls cool down to harden.

Diet salads for diabetics

Apple and Chicken Salad

Apple and chicken salad for diabetes

80 g carrots, 60 g bean sprouts, 200 g sour apples, 100 g boiled chicken breast, salt, 10 g butter, lemon juice.


Grate the peeled carrots on a coarse grater, wash the apples, remove the core, cut into slices, and then into thin strips, just like ready-made chicken.

Mix all the prepared ingredients together, add the bean sprouts, salt, drizzle with oil and lemon juice. Stir well again and allow to cool.

Five Myths About Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic, lifelong disease that is associated with complications. The people who have experienced it must learn to live with it and adapt their rhythm and way of life to it. Although this topic is widely debated in society, there are still many myths surrounding this disease. Let's take a look at the main ones. So…

Myth: Diabetes is a disease of obese people.

People rarely recognize the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes can develop in childhood. The disease is genetic and there is a need for insulin therapy. In contrast, type 2 diabetes is often linked to being overweight, as mentioned above. The disease is characterized by a slow onset.

Myth: Diabetes is a "senile" disease.

As there are many obese children and adolescents today, type 2 diabetes is increasingly affecting younger age groups.

Myth: Diabetics shouldn't eat sweets and must follow a strict diet.

Dessert for diabetes

Diet is important, of course, but it's not about eliminating carbohydrates entirely. Diabetics cannot eat simple sugar (glucose), beet sugar (sucrose) and honey. However, you can use artificial sweeteners. A diabetic should eat complex carbohydrates (starches).

With diabetes mellitus, sweets can only be replaced with sweets - sweeteners, fruits. For example, you can eat two or three peaches, two oranges, or three apples. Or you can eat something with sweeteners.

Nutritionists recommend making sweets at home. This approach ensures that the dishes are free of harmful preservatives and additives. You can prepare any delicacy from the available and approved products and pamper yourself and your loved ones with a delicious dessert.

Myth: Diabetics can eat well, all they have to do is eliminate sugar.

As mentioned earlier, diabetes management involves regulating carbohydrate intake. Complex carbohydrates should be present in the diet in the same amount every day, which will be determined by the doctor. The prescribed amount must be distributed over the day, as the diabetic has to eat regularly. Diabetic nutritional principles are in line with the principles of a balanced diet, so it is not just about regulating the sugar content, but about the entire composition of the diet. The essence of the disease lies not only in metabolic disorders at the level of carbohydrates, but also in proteins and fats.

Myth: Diabetics can eat as much fruit as they want.

Fruits contain a certain amount of carbohydrates. Obviously, it is their content that a diabetic should include in his daily diet. So you cannot eat any amount of fruit. It is preferable to choose those varieties that contain a minimum of carbohydrates and are high in fiber, which is important for digestion.